- 1 OVERVIEW
- 2 AORTA
- 3 RIGHT CORONARY ARTERY (RCA)
- 4 LEFT CORONARY ARTERY (LCA)
- 5 BRACHIOCEPHALIC ARTERY
- 6 LEFT COMMON CAROTID ARTERY
- 7 LEFT SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
- 8 INFERIOR PHRENIC ARTERY
- 9 CELIAC ARTERY
- 10 SUPERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY
- 11 RENAL ARTERY
- 12 TESTICULAR/OVARIAN ARTERY
- 13 INFERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY
- 14 MEDIAN SACRAL
- 15 COMMON ILLIAC ARTERY
This page is dedicated to tracing the arteries of the body back to the aorta.
The aorta is the largest artery in the body. This page is organized by arteries that branch directly off of the aorta. These branches (in order) are found below:
RIGHT CORONARY ARTERY (RCA)
LEFT CORONARY ARTERY (LCA)
LEFT COMMON CAROTID ARTERY
LEFT SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
The left subclavian artery is a direct branch of the aorta.
INFERIOR PHRENIC ARTERY
The inferior phrenic arteries are present on each side so there is a right inferior phrenic artery and a left inferior phrenic artery. Often they arise from the front of the aorta right above the celiac artery (they can share a common trunk), however it is important to note that there are often some variations to their origin.
The celiac artery is a direct branch off of the aorta that itself has some important branches:
SUPERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY
The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) gives rise to the following important branches:
- Inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery
- Intestinal arteries
- Ileocolic artery
- Right colic artery
- Middle colic artery
The renal artery
In males this will be the testicular artery.
In females this will be the ovarian artery.
INFERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY
The inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) gives rise to the following important branches:
COMMON ILLIAC ARTERY
The aorta terminally bifurcates into the right and left common iliac arteries. Each Illiac artery then splits into: