WHAT IS IT?
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a congenital condition observed in children with mothers that drank during pregnancy.
WHAT CAUSES IT?
Alcohol usage during pregnancy is the reason for this condition. Somehow it results in the failure of cell migration during important periods in development.
WHY IS IT A PROBLEM?
Alcohol is dangerous to the developing fetus and FAS often results in congenital abnormalities/intellectual disability.
WHAT MAKES US SUSPECT IT?
Alcohol usage during pregnancy
- Developmental delay/intellectual disability
History Of Present Illness
Alcohol usage during pregnancy: the mothers of patients will have some history of alcohol usage.
Physical Exam Findings
HEENT exam can reveal the following findings:
- Smooth philtrum
- Thin vermillion border (thin upper lip)
- Small palpebral fissures
- Saddle shaped nose
- Maxillary hypoplasia
AT WHAT POINT DO WE CONFIDENT IN MAKING THE DIAGNOSIS?
This is a clinical diagnosis that is made based upon the history and physical.
WHAT ELSE ARE WE WORRIED ABOUT?
Congenital cardiac defects are associated with FAS:
- Tetralogy of Fallot
HOW DO WE TREAT IT?
This condition can not be treated.
WAS THERE A WAY TO PREVENT IT?
Avoiding alcohol intake during pregnancy can prevent FAS from occurring.
This condition is the leading cause of intellectual disability in the US
Holoprosencephaly can be seen in FAS. This is the failure of the left and right hemispheres of the brain to separate.
Page Updated: 08.13.2016