WHAT IS IT?
Campylobacter jejuni is a gram negative, comma/S-shaped rod bacteria. It has polar flagella.
Grows in 42°C media
Fecal-oral route of transmission. This can include:
- Person-to-person contact
- Contact/ingestion of contaminated foods (poultry, meat, unpasteurized milk)
- Contact with infected animals (dogs, cats, pigs).
Gastroenteritis that is characterized by bloody diarrhea/abdominal cramps is very commonly caused by this pathogen (symptoms are a result of the pathogen colonizing the intestinal epithelium).
Guillain-Barré syndrome is commonly preceded by infection with this pathogen (not a proven cause of GBS!)
Reactive arthritis is also commonly preceded by infection with this pathogen.
Azithromycin is commonly used to treat infection with this pathogen.
OTHER HY FACTS
Reservoir: the reservoir of this pathogen is animals.
Page Updated: 08.01.2016