WHAT IS IT?
Schistosoma is a a genus of trematodes (flukes). There are more then one species that fall within this genus that include:
Schistosoma haematobium: this egg has a terminal spine.
Schistosoma mansoni: this egg has a lateral spine.
Cercariae (free swimming larvae stage) penetrate the skin of humans. Swimming in snail infested waters is generally the way this parasite is acquired (“swimmer’s itch”).
These organisms mature in the lung and then migrate to the liver.
Pulmonary hypertension/pulmonary arterial hypertension
Praziquantel: is an anthelmintic used for the treatment of tapeworms and flukes.
OTHER HY FACTS
Snail hosts: house the organisms.
Organisms specific associations:
- Schistosoma haematobium: Hematuria, squamous cell bladder cancer
- Schistosoma mansoni, Schistosoma japonicum: Portal hypertension
Page Updated: 06.23.2016