WHAT IS IT?
Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) refers to a pneumonia that is caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii.
WHAT IS THE INTIAL PRESENTATION FOR THIS CONDITION?
Patient Issues/Chief Complaints:
- Acute respiratory failure: hypoxia, dry cough, fever
Detection On Medical Studies:
WHAT ARE IMPORTANT ELEMENTS OF THE MEDICAL HISTORY?
- Immunosuppression: post-transplant patients
CLINICAL WORKUP: IMAGING
Chest X-Ray: features of PCP often include:
- Bilateral and diffuse interstitial infiltrates
CLINICAL WORKUP: MICROSCOPY
Because Pneumocystis jirovecii can not be cultured in the laboratory, respiratory samples are examined using specialized stains and microscopy (to aid in the diagnosis of PCP)
WHAT IS OUR THRESHOLD FOR DIAGNOSIS?
ARCHIVE OF STANDARDIZED EXAM QUESTIONS
This archive compiles standardized exam questions that relate to this topic.
Page Updated: 02.09.2017