WHAT IS IT?
Diazepam (Valium) is a benzodiazepine medication. It is a anxiolytic, sedative-hypnotic, anticonvulsant, and muscle relaxant.
WHEN DO WE USE IT?
Alcohol withdrawal/delirium tremens: Diazepam is one of the preferred medications used to treat alcohol withdrawals.
Status epilepticus: seizures that have gone on for a longer time frame can be treated with both Lorazepam and Diazepam.
Tetanus: muscle spasms in this condition can be treated with this medication.
Eclampsia: seizures in this context that recur after MgSO4 administration can be treated with IV diazepam.
WHEN DO WE AVOID USING IT?
With other sedatives: the major side effect of this mediation is sedation, so it should be used cautiously with other sedatives.
HOW IS IT ADMINISTERED?
Administered orally, IM, IV injection, or rectally
Onset: drug action occurs within 1-5 minutes of IV administration
Duration of action: 15-60 minutes
WHAT ARE THE SIDE EFFECTS/TOXICITY?
Sedation: this is one of the major side effects of this drug.
ANYTHING ELSE TO KEEP IN MIND?
“-zepam” ending is used for benzodiazepines
Page Updated: 08.15.2016